HIV and Contagion Risks is the subject of this publication. And that includes the risk of HIV infection in anal intercourse, the ANAL SEX.
It is important to understand the risks, risks of HIV infection before you panic, when understanding these risks, you may not need to be afraid to get tested. It's a shortcut! I don't say that you shouldn't take the exam.
Quite the opposite of that! Sexually active people make mistakes and HIV has its risks of contagion ...
Yes, I'm sure, knowledge is power! This is an undeniable truth. And knowing the Contagion Risks HIV gives you great power. The power to avoid Risks of HIV Contagion! As long as you use this knowledge with wisdom, equity and method. I always knew about the risks of HIV infection. And he loved me very little! In a way I was traveling at very high speed, and on a collision course.
And such a collision course not with me! And, as a matter of fact, neither was it with anyone else. But with the virus itself!
The big change for the better in my life came with HIV!
And I know, as much as I tell you, you never just believed that this was the best for me, however, it was so!
And although it may seem to you, reading friend, reading friend, contracting HIV, getting sick and being just a few steps from the abyss was, yes, and certainly, the best thing, the best event, and even the most auspicious of all the things that have happened in my life.
That's exactly why I'm here, almost one o'clock in the morning, on the 10rd of June of two thousand and twenty, getting ready to schedule, for today, around 30:XNUMX (I haven't decided yet) this text.
With that, I don't want you to get carried away by me, my speech and my reality. Don't you put yourself at risk!
Every life is a life! And each story is a story.
Read it. Knowledge is also, in effect, power! ”
Contagion Risks HIV!
Anal sex and the risks of HIV infection: The risk of contracting HIV varies widely, depending on the type of sexual activity. Anal sex (intercourse), which involves inserting the penis into the anus, carries the greatest risk of HIV transmission if one partner is HIV positive.
You can decrease your risk of contracting and transmitting HIV by using condoms the right way every time you have sex; choice of lower-risk sexual activities; taking daily medicine to prevent HIV, called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP); and taking drugs to treat HIV if you have HIV, called antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Risk of HIV Contagion
Anal sex is the most risky sexual behavior for HIV transmission and HIV contagion. Vaginal sex has a lower risk, and activities such as oral sex, touching and kissing have little or no risk of contracting or transmitting HIV. The vast majority of men who contract HIV receive anal sex. However, anal sex is also one of the ways in which women can contract HIV.
Receptive versus insertive sex
During anal sex, the partner inserting the penis is called the insertive partner (in which penetration occurs, I draw here) and the partner receiving the penis is called the receptive (or inferior) partner.
Therefore and objectively, receptive anal sex is much more risky to contract HIV. The lower partner is 13 times more likely to be infected than the top partner. However, it is possible that one of the partners obtains HIV through anal sex from certain body fluids - blood, semen (sperm), pre-seminal fluid (pre-sperm) or rectally - from a person who has HIV. The use of condoms or drugs to protect against transmission can reduce this risk.
- Being a receptive partner during anal sex is the sexual activity most at risk for contracting HIV. THE from the bottom The risk of contracting HIV is very high, because the lining of the rectum is thin and can allow HIV to enter the body during anal sex.
- The insertion partner is also at risk of contracting HIV during anal sex. HIV can enter the principal partner's body through the opening at the tip of the penis (or urethra) or through small cuts, scratches or open wounds on the penis.
Risk of other infections
In addition to HIV, a person can contract other sexually transmitted diseases (STD), such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, for anal sex without a condom. Even if a condom is used, some sexually transmitted diseases can still be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact (such as syphilis or herpes). You can also get hepatitis A, B and C; parasites like Giardia and intestinal amoebae; and bacteria like Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter E. E. coli coli of anal sex without a condom, because they are transmitted through feces. Being tested and treated for STDs reduces a person's chances of contracting or transmitting HIV through anal sex. If someone has never had hepatitis A or B, there are vaccines to prevent them. A healthcare professional can make vaccine recommendations.
Reducing the risk of HIV Contagion with condoms and lubrication
Male latex or polyurethane condoms are highly effective in preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases when used correctly from start to finish for every act of anal sex. People who report using a condom consistently reduced their risk of contracting HIV through insertive anal sex with an HIV positive partner, on average, by 63%, and receptive anal sex with an HIV positive partner, on average, by 72%. Condoms are much less effective when they are not used consistently. It is also important that sufficient water-based lubricant or silicone is used during anal sex to prevent condom breakage and tissue breakage. Female nitrile condoms can also prevent HIV and other STDs. Since condoms are not 100% effective, consider using other prevention methods to further reduce your risk.
People who are HIV negative and at very high risk for HIV can take daily medication to prevent HIV called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). If taken daily, PrEP is highly effective in preventing HIV from sex. PrEP is much less effective when it is not taken consistently. Since PrEP does not protect against other sexually transmitted diseases, use condoms the right way whenever you have sex.
Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) means taking antiretroviral drugs - drugs used to treat HIV -after potentially exposed to HIV during sex to avoid becoming infected. PEP should only be used in emergency situations and should be started within 72 hours of possible HIV exposure, but the sooner the better. PEP should be taken once or twice daily for 28 days. When administered correctly, PEP is effective in preventing HIV, but not 100%. To get PEP medication, contact your doctor, your local or state health department or go to an emergency room.
For people with HIV, HIV drugs (called antiretroviral therapy or ART) can reduce the amount of viruses in the blood and in body fluids to very low levels, if taken as prescribed. This is called viral suppression- generally defined as having less than 200 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood. The HIV drug it can even make your viral load so low that a test cannot detect it. This is called Undetectable viral load. People who take the HIV drug as prescribed and obtain and remain suppressed or undetectable by viruses can remain healthy for many years and are not at risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV negative partner by sex. Only condoms can help protect against other STDs.
Other ways to reduce risk
People who have anal sex can make other behavioral choices to decrease the risk of contracting or transmitting HIV. These individuals can:
- Choose less risky behaviors, such as oral sex, which has little or no risk of transmission.
- Test and treat other sexually transmitted diseases.
This page provides estimates of effectiveness for the above prevention options.
Learn more about how to protect yourself and get personalized information to meet your needs with HIV Risk Reduction Tool of the CDC-
Note: It is in English. Call the AIDS Dial: 0800 16 25 50
Translated by Cláudio Souza on the night of June 3, 2020 for Soropositivo.Org
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