I'm reactive. Cláudio, do I have HIV or AIDS? The statement is not uncommon. And the question too. I don't mind answering, and Beto knows how to explain. And you have been very happy to do so. And I decided to cooperate a little more. In this way, if you have found yourself reactive and cannot understand what is happening to you, this text seeks to better demonstrate the…
… Difference between HIV and AIDS
Decades have passed since the HIV was discovered, and people still use the terms HIV and AIDS as synonyms. However, AIDS and HIV are not the same, and mixing the terms can be very misleading.
The difference between HIV and AIDS is straightforward. HIV is a virus. AIDS is a definition, a complex state of health that can range from mild to potentially lethal. You cannot have AIDS without being infected with HIV. However, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV without ever developing AIDS. And just like me, Cláudio, an AIDS case from the beginning.
Understanding HIV and AIDS
HIV means “human immunodeficiency virus”. In other words, it is a virus that infects humans and causes problems with the immune system.1 The immune system is responsible for fighting disease. It consists of a variety of specialized cells and proteins, as well as antibodies. In total, the immune system works together to fight bacteria, viruses and other disease-causing agents.
It is interesting to add that the skin, the largest organ in the human body, is also part of this immunological context and taking care of the skin is always a way of mitigating risks.
Diagnosing HIV - Understanding and accepting the Panda Immunological Window is essential
HIV is diagnosed through HIV tests. A person infected with the virus is considered HIV positive or a reagent. If there is no evidence of infection, they are considered HIV negative.2
It is possible that the tests will fail in case of new infections; it's interesting that you click window period (opens in another tab) and understand this concept, but the definition of what it means to be HIV positive is relatively simple. You are either infected with the virus or you are not. Understanding AIDS it is a little more complex.
What to expect before, during and after an HIV test (under review)
Definition of AIDS
AIDS means "Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome". The diagnosis of AIDS is a way of describing a whole group of symptoms and diseases associated with damage that HIV causes to the immune system.1 If an untreated HIV infection progresses, there is continued damage to the immune defense cells. As this happens, the body becomes less and less able to fight infections. When the immune system becomes less effective in this way, a person is considered to have an acquired immune deficiency. This is the origin of the term AIDS. Not understanding this correctly led me to medical and metaphysical mistakes. The worst and most obstinate prosecutor and the least pious judge I have come across in my life were personified in the same person on trial, a perverse judgment; this person was me, and you can learn more in this testimony of a seropositive person.
Diagnosing AIDS in the Age of Opportunistic Infection
Individuals with advanced HIV disease are susceptible to infections that do not appear in people with a healthy immune system. In fact, HIV and AIDS were initially recognized due to outbreaks of rare diseases and cancers that had not previously been seen in large numbers in the United States. These infections are known as opportunistic infections because they take advantage of an HIV-positive individual's weakened ability to fight disease. In other words, they are opportunists. Some diseases considered opportunistic infections for the purpose of diagnosing AIDS They include:
- Candidiasis (yeast infections) of the throat and lungs
- Invasive cervical cancer
- Fungal infections caused by Cryptococcus ou Coccidioides
- Infections and brain disorders related to HIV
- Kaposi's sarcoma
AIDS can be diagnosed if someone is HIV positive and has a specified opportunistic infection.
Defining and diagnosing AIDS in the modern age of treatment
As treatments for HIV improved, opportunistic infections became less common. Some people can live a long life with HIV without ever developing an opportunistic infection. So, what does it mean to have AIDS today?
People tend to be led to believe that a person has AIDS instead of simply being HIV positive, when two things are true. First, they must have an HIV infection.
Second, either they must have one of the diseases in the specific group that are designated as opportunistic infections or the number of specific types of cells in their immune system must fall below a certain level (a CD4 count less than 200 cells / mm³).4That is why AIDS is considered a definition. It is not as simple as looking for a virus. AIDS requires the patient to comply with several objective (and variable) criteria for diagnosis.
AIDS is not the necessary result of infection with a pathogen. It may or may not occur in someone with HIV. In contrast, HIV infection is sufficient for an HIV diagnosis. This is true whether or not someone has symptoms or negative effects of the virus.
HIV doesn't always mean AIDS
Not all people with HIV will develop HIV. In fact, as the treat improves, fewer and fewer HIV positive people will develop AIDS. This is because the virus can usually be kept under control with appropriate medication. When the virus is suppressed, people can never become immunodeficient. They may never develop AIDS.1
We talked about HIV prevention, because it is a virus that can be transmitted. Transmission can be prevented through safe sex and other practices that protect people from exposure to potentially infected blood and body fluids. In contrast, discussions about AIDS prevention are really discussions about HIV treatment. It is keeping the virus under control that prevents the development of the syndrome.
Keep in mind that this moment is not the end!
Fix in your spirit the notion that prays: having HIV does not represent, not now, in the 20s, the end. Everything has changed and the reality is quite different and quite different is the effectiveness of all medicines.
Look, the blow is strong, but that does not represent the end!
People can live with HIV for many years without developing AIDS or any symptoms of HIV infection. Highly effective treatment options are increasingly available.
Many people with HIV live long, healthy lives without any signs of immune system dysfunction. However, adequate treatment is essential for the long-term health and well-being of people with HIV. The treatment also reduces the likelihood that someone will transmit the virus to someone new.
The importance of early and appropriate treatment means that it is essential for anyone at risk to get tested regularly for HIV. Without the test, people can be infected for years without ever knowing it. Unfortunately, even if a person does not know he is infected, he can still pass the virus on to others through unprotected sex.
They can also transmit HIV to others risk behaviors which directly expose others to blood, semen, breast milk and other potentially infectious body fluids. However, HIV is not transmitted by casual contact.
There are more texts on the blog to help you better understand these things, or all of that, if you are thinking exactly that way. They were suggested by AI Blog and are worth all the time you invest in reading.
- What does seropositive mean
- Long Life and HIV / AIDS
- Undetectable Viral Load gives No Reagent?
- End AIDS
- Opportunistic Infections “IO”.
- It is Important to Know What They Are and How to Prevent
- Five Patients in a Thirteen Study Appear Cured of HIV
- HIV / AIDS well explained
- People with HIV and COVID-19 Major Risks Stay at Home
- CD4 and CD4 T Cells Clarifying the difference!
- Lymph nodes
- Adults with HIV, a longer but complex life.
Avoidance is better.
I use only high quality fonts, including studies reviewed by doctors and scientists, to support the facts contained in these articles.
- HIV / AIDS: the basics. AIDSInfo. US Department of Health and Human Services. July 3, 2019
- HIV testing. AIDSInfo. US Department of Health and Human Services. June 20, 2019
- What is an opportunistic infection? AIDSInfo. US Department of Health and Human Services. May 28, 2019
- AIDS case definition. AIDSInfo. US Department of Health and Human Services.
- Burnett JC, Broz D, Spiller MW, Wejnert C, Paz-Bailey G. HIV Infection and HIV-Associated Behaviors Among People Who Inject Drugs - 20 Cities, United States, 2015. MMWR Morb Morb Wkly Rep. 2018 Jan 12; 67 (1): 23-28. doi: 10.15585 / mmwr.mm6701a5.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Revised surveillance case definition for HIV infection - United States, 2014. MMWR Recommended Rep. 2014 Apr 11; 63 (RR-03): 1-10.
- Manzardo C, Guardo AC, Letang E, Plana M, Gatell JM, Miro JM. Opportunistic infections and inflammatory immune reconstitution syndrome in adults infected with HIV-1 in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy: a comprehensive review. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. June 2015; 13 (6): 751-67. doi: 10.1586 / 14787210.2015.1029917.
Stein R, Xu S, Marano M, Williams W, Cheng Q, Eke A, Moore A, Wang G. HIV Testing, Linkage to HIV Medical Care, and Interviews for Partner Services Between Women - 61 Health Department Jurisdictions, United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017, October 20; 66 (41): 1100-1104. doi: 10.15585 / mmwr.mm6641a2.