UNAIDS revealed in 2014 that HIV infections in Brazil grew 11% between 2005 and 2013
Countries neighboring Brazil have managed to significantly reduce the infection rate and Brazil, considered a “model in the treatment and prevention of AIDS”, has lost expression with setbacks caused by religious pressures (in a secular state) with the expansion of HIV cases among young people, generally and somewhat more focused on the Russian gay population
At the planetary level the picture is frightening is that 54% of infected people worldwide are unaware of it; it is worth mentioning that 19 million people, among the 35 million human beings living with HIV, are unaware of their serology. This is a worrying factor, as these people, unaware of their serology, continue to have sex without a condom, which exponentially increases the number of people living with HIV worldwide.
"Life should not depend on access to an HIV test," said UNAIDS executive director Michel Sidibé. “Expanding actions strategically is crucial to bridge the gap between people who know and those who don't know they have HIV, between those who have access to services and those who don't - as well as between those who are protected and that are discriminated against. ”
The GAP report is the result of the compilation of data from eleven institutions in partnership with the UN covering of 189 countries data on HIV / AIDS.
The GAP report estimates that 35 million people are living with HIV by the end of 2013, around the Planet.
This number confirms the downward trend in the number of new infections, which has reached 13% in the last three years.
The death rate attributable to AIDS also hit the lowest level since 2005, accumulating a decline of 35% in the period. Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV.
In Brazil, however, this index increased 7% between 2005 and 2013, as well as in other neighboring countries such as Mexico (9%).
IN Latin America, UNAIDS estimated to be 1,6 million the number of people living with HIV for HIV. The overwhelming majority of cases, a number above 75% concentrated five countries:
About 60% of seropositive for HIV in that region is composed of males, including heterosexuals, gay men and men who have sex with men.
The most vulnerable to HIV in Latin America are women, transgender, gay men and men who have sex with men, sex workers and people who use injection drugs and share the apparatus for drug use, which shows that policies harm reduction must be implemented, improved and necessary, actions to combat stigmatization of these people.
One-third of new infections occur among young people from 15 to 24 years. There is a high rate of stigmatization, discrimination and violence - a scenario that creates obstacles in accessing HIV prevention, treatment and support services.
The UNAIDS report also warns that some countries are at greater risk for HIV.
In sub-Saharan Africa only three countries, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda, together account for 48% of new infections.
The document also highlights six countries - the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Indonesia, Nigeria, Rwanda and South Sudan - as being vulnerable to three threats related to AIDS: high risk of HIV infection, low treatment coverage and little or no decline in the number of new infections.
Global efforts to expand access to antiretroviral therapy to infected - which is free in Brazil - are working, says UNAIDS in the report. Editor's note: For how long?
In 2013, 2,3 million people now have access to treatment, Bringing the total in the world to 13 million.
"If we accelerate this by 2020, we will be on a good path to end the epidemic in 2030. If we do not do this, it will take an extra decade or more," says the report.