STD, or STI, as well as venereal diseases, sexually transmitted diseases (STD's), are contracted, in general, through intimate contact with an infected partner.
The more sexual partners you have, the greater the likelihood of exposure to an STD, but there are also other risk factors.
The type of sex practiced, such as oral or vaginal sex, as well as anal, to start the conversation and stay in the vanilla, the sexual partners you have, the practice of safe sex consistently, your previous history about STDs, your age and other factors contribute to your risk as well.
Can Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) be prevented?
Yes. See: there are seven tips, yes, of ways and means to avoid sexually transmitted diseases, which includes syphilis and the very HIV infection.
As an aside, it is important to mention that some health professionals and organizations now refer to a sexually transmitted disease (STD) as a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Research suggests that the term "STD" can be a little more stigmatizing.1
Personally, I prefer to be clear and objective, euphemisms do not help much when, for example, you try to explain Juca bala, from the Corner of Green Scorpions, which is an STI, a Sexually Transmitted Infection. From personal experience, I ended up having to define the word “infection”, explain “microorganisms” and, at the moment of understanding, illuminating the truth, the person would tell me:
Venereal disease! Another Way to Say STD
- ”You are talking about venereal disease, right? Why don't you explain! I don't understand what “you” say.In addition, the “disease” part of STD implies that a person always has symptoms, which is not necessarily true with sexually transmitted diseases. A person may be infected with something (for example, herpes or human papillomavirus), but has no symptoms.2
Keeping faithful to the text, I put the paragraph and already the context: a disease, even when asymptomatic. We don't need to go far HIV disease
I prefer simplicity and any of these terms define with simplicity (…) what we show here. I know, and you need to understand, that these terms are interchangeable. In this article, I will use the term sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Following, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly 2,5 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases are reported each year in the United States.3
Oral sex is a very pleasant way of making love. But read:
There is a very significant number of sexually transmitted diseases, such as herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, the human papilloma virus (HPV). Some STDs are caused by viruses, while others are caused by bacteria.
Infections are transmitted through body fluids, including blood, saliva, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk, or transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact.4
This occurs mainly with sexual contact; however, pregnant women may also transmit some STDs to the fetus in the womb or during delivery.5
PrEP can help prevent HIV. But does it prevent syphilis?
I accompanied a friend, already missing, you come and go, according to your needs. He was very worried about HIV and the immune window, but ended up with a syphilis and his pregnant wife, also “contaminated, asymptomatic, but ill, sadly led her baby to an intricate and dangerous process of neurosyphilis it is. Sir…
The use of condoms, other barriers and obstacles, they can prevent these sexually transmitted diseases through body fluids, as with HIV and chlamydia, for example, but they may not offer protection against herpes and other diseases transmitted by skin contact.
Your chances of getting an STD depend on a number of factors, including:
- How do you have sex (manual, anal, vaginal, sex)
- How many partners do you have
- Who do you meet, how is the sexual and reproductive health of this partner ...
- If you practice safe sex
- How consistently do you use Condoms or other barriers
- Whether you use barriers to intercourse or just oral sex
- If you use lubricants and what types you use lubricants you use. Prefer, for example, KY. Because it is water-based and ... Well, later, in another post, I explain it better ... And, by the way, nothing, nothing and nothing sometimes I receive or received nothing to write the word, the entry "KY".
- If your partner has a sexually transmitted disease and, if so, what type
- The severity of your partner's infection (such as viral load count and other factors)
- If you have skin lesions, infections or other STDs that make you more susceptible to infections.
- Your general health and the health of your immune system
Women, maintain visual control over the condom, stamping are problems… See this text:
Risk Factors And Your Daily Life
STD rates are increasing, reports the CDC. Between 2014 and 2018, syphilis cases increased 71%, gonorrhea 63% and chlamydia 14%.3
New HIV cases, however, have declined, with only about (…) 38.000 new cases reported in 2018.6
There are many things you can do to protect yourself from sexually transmitted diseases. By being aware of the main risk factors that you can control, it is possible to stay healthy without being abstinent.
Here are the common risk factors of everyday life that can give rise to and possibility of contagion by STDs and what you should know about each one.
Age. Yeah… age counts! Because we often need a crane!
People under the age of 25 are much more likely to be infected with STDs than older people for a variety of reasons.7
First, young women are biologically more susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases than older women. Their bodies are smaller and are more likely to tear during intercourse. Your cervix is also not fully developed and is most susceptible to infection by chlamydia, gonorrhea and other STDs.
Finally, in general, young people are more likely to assume sexual risks and having multiple partners.
Homosexual and bisexual men, or other men who have sex with men, are disproportionately affected by syphilis, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
In 2018, almost half of syphilis cases reported in men and women were attributed to men who have sex with men only (MSM), reports the CDC.8
According to a study published on American Journal of PublicHealth, unprotected anal sex (for men and women) increases the likelihood of contracting an STD due to the rigidity and fragility of the rectal tissue. This makes the anal tissue more susceptible to lacerations, increasing the risk of infection.
Although the use of condom or outro barrier method of birth control is not a guarantee that you will not be infected by a sexually transmitted organism, it is still a highly effective way to protect yourself.9
Even when talking about a virus like HPV, against which condoms are less effective, condom use reduced transmission rates when the condom was used consistently.
In addition to abstinence, consistent condom use, which means using a condom every time you have sex, is the best way to prevent STDs.
This applies even if you are using birth control, such as the pill or one- intrauterine device (IUD). Once protected from pregnancy, some people are reluctant to use condoms as part of your sexual routine.10
Prescriptions for Birth Control do not protect you, crazy, from contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Double protection with the additional use of condoms is the best.
Prevention, girl, is always and always the best idea, the best request, the best stop!
The personal history of STDs gives / the Partner / a
Having STDs often makes you more susceptible to infection with other STDs. Irritated, inflamed or blistered skin is easier for another pathogen to infect. HIV can gain easy access to your bloodstream via these routes and, after that, infection is established
Having an STD is also an indirect reflection of the risk of a new infection: as you were once exposed, this suggests that other factors in your lifestyle can also put you at risk.
It's quite simple math: the more partners you have, the more likely you are to be exposed to an STD. In addition, people with multiple partners tend to have relationships with multiple peers, and God knows how much it increases the risk.
Some people only one person at a time, but still date a large number of people each year.
This is known as serial monogamy. Or serial suicide. This was the muggle here. And, in my view, a big lie told from you to you! And without any effectiveness!
The danger for people who practice serial monogamy is that every time they engage in an “exclusive” sexual relationship, they are likely to be tempted to stop using safe sex precautions.11
But monogamy is just an effective way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, long-term relationships, both of which have been negative.
Since some tests are not reliable until you are infected for some time, many serial monogamous relationships do not last long enough for this to be a viable option.
Use of alcohol
Drinking can be bad for your sexual health in many ways. People who use alcohol regularly, especially in social situations, may be less discriminatory about who they choose to have sex with.
Alcohol also decreases inhibitions. It may also be more difficult to convince the sexual partner to use a condom or to use it correctly.12
Use of Illicit Drugs
People who have sex under the influence of drugs are more likely to engage in risky sexual behaviors, such as having sex without a condom or other forms of protection.13
Drugs can also facilitate a bad person, which is not lacking in pressing you to engage in risky sexual behaviors. In addition, injecting drug use, in particular, is associated with an increased risk of blood-borne diseases, such as HIV e hepatitis.
People who exchange sex for money or drugs may not have sufficient powers to negotiate safe sex. And partners acquired in this way are much more likely to be infected with STDs than people in the general population. And they can say:
- ”I'm paying, your obligation is to do.
Or, even worse:
To physically assault this partner and to force a very complicated, humiliating, moral and physically demeaning situation with incalculable risks!
Note: Some sex workers, especially those who have made an independent and informed choice to become involved in their work, are highly conscientious about safe sex and prevention. The risk varies according to individual behavior, as it does for people who do not have commercial sex.
Think a little:
STDs are largely preventable. Counting on abstaining from all sexual contact is the only effective way to completely prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
In this way, sexual intercourse within the context of a mutually monogamous relationship can also improve your chances of remaining STD free.
In addition, having safer sex every time you engage in sexual activity can dramatically decrease your risk of getting an STD.
When we talk about the relationship between husband and wife, or partners who live under the same roof, there is always an often insurmountable barrier in negotiating condom use by the woman, or the physically, economically or socially vulnerable partner. We talk about it this post.
A little bit about the immune window right here:
As you can, I know, be interested in the problem of oral sex and STDs, I put the link here, for those who, I fear to say, may not understand clearly certain expressions and offer like this: Oral Sex and Venereal Diseases.
Getting older is a privilege, I know that is true. But, among people living with HIV aging is simple?
Talk to your doctor, show this text and take good care of your heart!
Is pregnant? Do you intend to get pregnant? Please watch this video. It's less than five minutes with an important prenatal tip!
Translated by Claudio Souza, the original Causes and Risk Factors of STD, on 20 November 2020. Original text written by Elizabeth Boskey, PhD
- HandsHH, Rietmeijer CA. STI Versus STD Coda. Sexually transmitted diseases. November 2017 44 (11): 712-3. doi: 10.1097 / OLQ.0000000000000717
- American Sexual Health Association. STDs / STDs.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance of sexually transmitted diseases 2018.
- Wagenlehner FM, Brockmeyer NH, Discher T, Friese K, Wichelhaus TA. Presentation, diagnosis and treatment of sexual infectionse transmissible. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2016; 113 (1-02): 11–22. doi: 10.3238 / arztebl.2016.0011
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. STDs during pregnancy - CDC data sheet.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (Revised in November 2019). Statistics overview: HIV surveillance report.
- Shannon CL, Klausner JD. The growing epidemic of sexually transmitted infections in adolescents: a neglected population. Curr Opinion Pediatr. 2018; 30 (1): 137–143. doi: 10.1097 / MOP.0000000000000578
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (Revised in September 2019). Surveillance of sexually transmitted diseases 2018: Figure 39. Primary and secondary syphilis - Distribution of cases by sex and sex of sexual partners, United States, 2018.
- Pinkerton SD, Abramson PR. Effectiveness of condoms in preventing HIV transmission. Soc Sci Med. 1997; 44(9): 1303-12.
- Deese J, Pradhan S, Goetz H, Morrison C.O contraceptive use and the risk of sexually transmitted infection: systematic review and current perspectives. Open Access J Contracept. 2018; 9:91–112. doi: 10.2147 / OAJC.S135439
- Conley TD, Matsick JL, Moors AC, Ziegler A, Rubin JD. Re-examine the effectiveness of monogamy as an STD preventive strategy. Prev Med. 2015; 78: 23-8. doi: 10.1016 / j.ypmed.2015.06.006
- Hutton HE, McCaul ME, Santora PB, Erbelding EJ. The relationship between recent alcohol use and sexual behaviors: gender differences among patients at sexually transmitted diseases clinics. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008; 32 (11): 2008–2015. doi: 10.1111 / j.1530-0277.2008.00788.x
- Scott-Sheldon LA, Carey MP, Vanable PA, Senn TE, Coury-Doniger P, Urban MA. Alcohol use, drug use and condom use among STD clinic patients. J Stud Alcoholic Drugs. 2009; 70(5): 762–770. doi: 10.15288 / jsad.2009.70.762
- Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC). How you can prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
- Jenness SM, Begier EM, Neaigus A, Murrill CS, Wendel T, Hagan H. Unprotected anal sex and sexually transmitted diseases in high-risk heterosexual women. Am J Public Health. 2011; 101 (4): 745-50. doi: 10.2105 / AJPH.2009.181883
- McCormick AW, Abuelezam NN, Rhode ER, et al. Development, calibration and performance of an HIV transmission model incorporating natural history and patterns of behavior: application in South Africa. PLoS One. 2014; 9(5): e98272. doi: 10.1371 / journal.pone.0098272